Synthetic oil is a lubricant consisting of chemical compounds that are artificially made (synthesised). Synthetic lubricants can be manufactured using chemically modified petroleum components rather than whole crude oil, but can also be synthesised from other raw materials. This is compared to semi-synthetic oils (also called ‘synthetic blends’) are blends of mineral oil with no more than 30% synthetic oil. Designed to have many of the benefits of synthetic oil without matching the cost of pure synthetic oil.
Synthetic oil is used as a substitute for lubricant refined from petroleum when operating in extremes of temperature, because, in general, it provides superior mechanical and chemical properties than those found in traditional mineral oils.
Aircraft jet engines, for example, require the use of synthetic oils, whereas aircraft piston engines do not.The base stocks that form a synthetic lubricant are tailored through molecular restructuring in order to meet specific physical and chemical characteristics.
Some of the most common synthetic lubricants are listed below
There are many hundreds more types of synthetic lubricants and chemical variations of these synthetic lubricants. There is also no one specific synthetic lubricant that is superior in all respects, although a particular synthetic lubricant may possess certain specific advantages for a specific application.
IKV’s synthetic oil range include the IKV TRIBOCHAIN series. This range of synthetic oils has low residue levels & is intended for use on chains up to 250°C. They also offer very good anti-wear capacities, high resistance to temperature and low dripping levels. These products keep the chains clean thanks to their detergent effect thereby improving the useful life of the chains.
The range includes:
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 50 HT
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 100 HT
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 150 HT
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 250 HT
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 250 HT SPRAY
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 320 HT
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 320 HTN
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 460 HT
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 4600 HT
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 4600 HT SPRAY
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 100 HT is a special synthetic ester oil with an extremely low evaporation rate even when working in the temperature range of 200°C to 260°C. Its excellent resistance to oxidation and extremely well balanced additive package make it very stable in a large range of temperatures and helps avoid lacquer residues at high temperatures. IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 100 HT also provides excellent anti-wear and extreme pressure protection.
IKV-TRIBOCHAIN 250 HT was specifically developed for the lubrication of chains and bearings which are operating at temperatures between 170°C and 280°C in continuous use. Typical applications include: